Academic Resources (1 Matches)
Source: Nicolas van de Walle in Patrons, Clients and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political CompetitionThis chapter analyzes the evolution and continuation of political clientelism in sub-Saharan Africa. The main points covered include: a review of “the modernization literature that sought to explain the presence of clientelism in Third World political systems in the early post-independence era;” a typology of clientelism, which distinguishes patronage from prebendalism and how these manifested themselves in practice; and the implication of democratization efforts in the 1990s as they modified these clientelistic patterns. The author argues that clientelistic patterns continue to emerge through democratization processes, “at least when one party has unambiguous control over the reins of government.” He concludes however that, “the African materials suggest that greater democratization will lead in time to more responsive systems of clientelism.”
Source: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)DataGob provides a user-friendly interface for accessing most of the publicly available indicators related to governance. The interactive tool permits users easily to produce cross-national comparative and time series graphs and tables for immediate printing or for export to standard software. It contains approximately 400 governance indicators for a global sample of countries whose governance depends on the source. They can contribute to the assessment of governance performance, the identification of priority areas for reform and donor investment, and the analysis of the impact of country reform efforts. Sorted by country, key features for this section are the “democratization,” “public administration,” and “transparency measures” sections.
Source: African Association for Public Administration and Management (AAPAM) The African Association for Public Administration and Management is a continental professional organization for high-level public sector administrators and managers in Africa as well as those who teach, conduct research and offer advisory services in public administration and management. On the website, you may find conference proceedings, calls for papers, event announcements, and access to publications and testimonials on public administration in Africa, notably the African Journal of Public Administration and Management. Practitioners may sign up for membership as well.
Source: United Nations (UN)This program page for UNDP provides access to Practice Notes, Publications, Guidelines and Toolkits, and Events related to UNDP work on Decentralization, Local Governance and Urban/Rural Development.
Policy Analysis and Practitioner Documents (View All 11 Matches)
Source: Susan Rose-Ackerman, Copenhagen Consensus CenterThis report focuses on the challenges to and potential solutions for public administration in Latin America. Primary areas addressed include: public administration weaknesses in Latin American states, emphasizing cross-country differences for public administration and the judiciary/law enforcement; proposed responses to problem for public administration (revenue collection, procurement and business regulation, privatization and contracting-out, and civil service reform); oversight and public accountability (public information and auditing, media and public opinion, private associations and non-profits, grassroots participation in government decision-making, and national policymaking); the judicial system; and the costs and benefits of alternative policies. The author argues that public administration reformers should adopt strategies that identify and target country-specific problems and solutions. He concludes by stating that programs should include assessment and evaluation components.
Source: Dennis A. Rondinelli, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)This document discusses how international institutions can help rebuild or reform public administration in post-conflict settings. The primary issues covered include: public administrative needs and capacity building in post-conflict societies; approaches to reform; issues for international assistance; and a discussion of administrative capacities needed in post-conflict societies, including strengthening governance and participation, establishing safety and security, providing for emergency humanitarian needs and social wellbeing, stabilizing and providing infrastructure for the economy, and strengthening justice and reconciliation organization. The author argues that public administration assistance should be provided after a careful assessment of the post-conflict context within which assistance will be delivered. He concludes that donors should provide financial and technical aid only after such assessments are conducted and only after a careful consideration of potential solutions and barriers are considered.
Source: Hsu, Keng-Ming Hsu and Chun-Yuan Wang in The Role of Public Administration in Alleviating Poverty and Improving Governance, Asian Development Bank (ADB)This essay discusses the importance of local governance systems to modern public administration. Primary issues covered include: a review of the New Public Management (NPM) approach to understanding local government formation; problems associated with the NPM approach; institutional design and reform of local governance; citizen participation in local governance; and a case study analyzing local governance in Taipei. The authors state that local governance formation should focus on institutional design and that its most important function is to enhance citizen participation in governance, which the local government does primarily through resource transfers. The paper concludes that the ability of local governance structures to perform this function should be enhanced by support from the central government.
UN Official Documents (1 Matches)
Source: United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (UNPBC)This paper addresses local governance and decentralization programs in post-conflict societies, arguing that international support for such efforts is key to their success. The primary topics covered include: an overview of local governance and decentralization; the implications of such programs in post-conflict settings; illumination of key challenges that arise; and issues the UNPBC should address to increase effectiveness in local governance and decentralization efforts. The paper concludes with the following recommendations for potential future programming design and implementation by UNPBC: in the immediate aftermath of a conflict, focus on promoting effective participatory mechanisms; and in medium term post-conflict situations, focus on creating an enabling network at the national level to support decentralized governance, promoting citizen participation and community-led development and developing local capacity in every level of society.