Source: Roland ParisRoland Paris analyzes fourteen cases studies of countries emerging from civil war in order to assess the record of peacebuilding strategies. Primary themes include: managing the destabilizing effects of democratization and marketization; phasing and sequencing of reforms; institutionalization; and sustainable peacebuilding. The author argues that rapid political and economic liberalization are inherently tumultuous and conflict-promoting processes particularly in post-conflict contexts. Paris concludes that there is an urgent need to shift international peacebuilding strategies to emphasize the importance of effective state institutions as a prerequisite for sustainable peace.
Source: Allan Gerson in The American Journal of International LawIn this paper, Allan Gerson analyzes the evolution and potential future directions of strategies by the United Nations (UN) and World Bank (WB) to achieve greater cooperation and partnerships with the private sector in post-conflict contexts. Key issues discussed include: nation-building, peacemaking, peacebuilding; private sector interests, approaches, and potential contributions; reluctance by the WB and UN to engage with the private sector; and the potential for the formation of a Peace Transitions Council. The author argues that a Peace Transitions Council in which the private sector and civil society would engage with the UN and WB in leadership positions as equal partners would contribute to the establishment of more coherent and streamlined partnerships to support economic reconstruction in post-conflict contexts. Finally, the author offers specific guidelines on how a Peace Transitions Council might be put into practice.
Source: Geetha Nagarajan, in Epargne Sans FrontiereIn this paper, Geetha Nagarajan seeks to outline lessons learned from efforts to translate microfinance practices to post-conflict situations. The primary issues highlighted include: minimal and facilitating conditions for effective microfinance; the role of donor assistance and NGOs; program design; and security. The author argues that microfinance interventions can contribute to peacebuilding efforts given a few minimal conditions such as reasonable levels of stability. The author concludes that there are several lessons from microfinance experiences in normal countries that can be applied to post-conflict contexts; however, there is no ‘one size fits all methodology’ for implementing microfinance programs.
Source: Collaborative Learning ProjectsThe Corporate Engagement Project (CEP) provides practical management options for companies concerned with establishing and maintaining constructive relationships with stakeholder communities in the countries where they operate. The website is one of the main tools for sharing experiences and guidelines developed through field visits, issue papers, training materials, reports, and other documents.
Source: UN Global CompactThe UN Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to implementing the ten universal principles of human rights, labor, environment, and anti-corruption included in the Compact as part of their operations and strategies. The Global Compact Website contains essential resources for businesses and their partners to understand, implement, and monitor progress towards attaining these principles. In addition to guidelines, tools, and news updates, the website has a searchable database of all Global Compact participants with links to the companies’ annual Communications on Progress (COP).
Source: International Labour Organization (ILO)The ILO seeks to influence programs and policies of crisis actors so they mainstream decent work and related social concerns. The website contains information on specific country interventions led by ILO/CRISIS, ILO research on crisis, training tools and events, as well as information resources such as crisis knowledge and tools, relevant links, briefing notes, crisis reports, and a news archive.
Policy Analysis and Practitioner Documents (View All 12 Matches)
Source: International AlertThis resource pack is a corporate social responsibility educational tool for private sector enterprises. It consists of five sections: introduction; understanding and analyzing stakeholders and context; planning and implementing a CR-centered business model; checking and improving CR strategy and activities, and communicating success; and case studies and additional resources. The goal is to help Small and Medium Enterprises implement their own CR strategies in relation to context, scale, sector, location, and reach.
Source: International AlertThis publication series consists of four country case studies which highlight how the economic causes, drivers and impacts of conflict have been tackled in different ways in a number of conflict-affected countries where Alert works. Each case study focuses on a specific aspect of economics in peacebuilding: enabling a peace economies in early recovery in Uganda; examining the role of business in economic recovery in Nepal; rethinking the nexus between youth, unemployment and conflict in Sri Lanka; and 'alternative' livelihoods opportunities in Columbia.
Source: Naoise MacSweeney, The Donor Committee for EnterpriseThis review gives an overview of current approaches and experiences of development agencies seeking to support post-conflict private sector development. The main issues presented include: private sector development (PSD); conflict sensitivity; relief-to-development transition; public-private partnerships; role of government, civil society, local private sectors, and MNCs; investment climate; and impact assessment. The author argues that while there is increased recognition of the importance of PSD in post-conflict contexts, PSD programming must be prioritized and integrated into relief work, security, and nationbuilding interventions. In conclusion, Naoise MacSweeny emphasizes that post-conflict PSD is an emerging field and this report is only one step towards mapping the common ground and questions among the diverse donor organizations and stakeholders involved in the field.