Source: Caty Clement and Adam C. Smith, eds., International Peace Institute and Geneva Centre for Security PolicyThis report addresses the implicit challenges faced during current UN efforts to integrate UN organizations and activities in the field and strengthen operational processes in peacebuilding and peacekeeping. It confronts the issue of the UN bureaucracy being "overmatched" by the complexity of context-specific and complicated environments. The paper identifies five key challenges relating to planning, leadership, organizational complexity, interagency cooperation, and exit strategy in order to better assess how the UN deals with complex situations.
Source: Veronique Dudouet, Berghof Research CentreThis study compiles comparative findings which have emerged from a previous project where the Centre engaged resistance groups from six different countries to discuss and analyze their respective organisations’ formation, development and experience in conflict transformation, as well as the strategic, organisational and structural shifts entailed by such transitions. The groups are the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa,
Movimiento 19 de Abril (M-19) in Colombia, Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist
(CPN-M) in Nepal, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka, Gerakan
Acheh Merdeka (GAM) in Aceh, Indonesia and Sinn Fein in Ireland.
Source: Yezid Sayigh, Arab Reform Initiative. This paper suggests that western efforts to depoliticize SSR in the Arab region have rendered those efforts ineffective. The author emphasizes the role of power relations in SSR and argues that it must be approached as a political challenge. The author also states that strong domestic support will be needed for SSR to be successful in Arab countries, and that so far only governments engaging in democratization have made any significant steps forward in SSR.
Source: http://www.africansecuritynetwork.org/default.htmBased in Accra, Ghana, the organization aims to advance democratic governance in the security sector in Africa, focuses on security sector reform and transformation, and produces literature on security issues in Africa.
Source: http://www.ssronline.org/index.cfmThe center's SSR program is involved in applied research, education and training, and lessons learned analysis. It also publishes the Journal for Security Management.
Source: http://www.clingendael.nl/cru/"Clingendael" is the Netherlands Institute for International Relations. The Conflict Research Unit pays particular attention to the relationship between security and development.
Policy Analysis and Practitioner Documents (View All 14 Matches)
Source: Development Co-Operation Directorate, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentThis handbook addresses integrating gender issues into SSR processes. "It examines how to support the creation of security and justice institutions that are representative, accountable, rights-respecting and responsive to the specific security and justice needs of women, men, boys and girls."
Source: Sean McFate, US Institute of Peace (USIP). This report highlights the importance of SSR in the post-conflict transition period and notes that there is a lack of coherent strategy or doctrine on SSR in the United States government. The report summarizes the SSR activities of donor governments and multi-national organizations. The author recommends that the United States needs to adopt a comprehensive SSR strategy and an inter-agency structure for managing SSR programs.
Source: Kristin Valasek, in Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit, DCAF/OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights/UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women. This document is a tool primarily targeting practitioners responsible for SSR policy and programming. The author lays out a rationale for why gender issues should be integrated into SSR processes and provides practical means of carrying out that integration. The author's recommendations include providing gender training for personnel involved in SSR and all security sector personnel, implementing specific policies to prevent and address gender-based violence, and establishing codes of conduct that enforce zero tolerance of gender-based violence and sexual harassment by security sector personnel. The document also contains guidelines on gender impact assessment of security policy and recruiting and retaining women in law enforcement.
UN Official Documents (1 Matches)
Source: United Nations Secretary-General. This report begins by stating that the UN lacks a coherent and system-wide approach to providing SSR assistance. It examines lessons learned from UN involvement in supporting national SSR efforts, and then lays out core principles that should guide a UN approach to SSR. The report's recommendations include developing UN policies and guidelines, building UN capacity for support, enhancing coordination, and building partnerships.