Academic Resources (2 Matches)
Source: Johanna Boersch-Supan, Oxford University This thesis explores the dynamics of integrating ex-combatants into receiving communities in post-conflict Sierra Leone. Through interviews with community members, ex-combatants, and opinion leaders, the thesis examines the specific attitudes of civilians towards ex-combatants. It finds that peaceful coexistence in Sierra Leone depends upon political and economic stability, personal experiences of extreme violence, and a number of social realities, including the existence of religious faith, strong social ties of ex-rebels, and eagerness for reconciliation and peace.
Source: Joseph Hanlon, United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER)This document argues that the international community may be contributing to recreating the conditions that led to war in Sierra Leone. Primary problems discussed include: 1) the need to rebuild collapsed state institutions; 2) the fact that the state is still run by the same people who created the conditions for war; and, 3) the majority of youth in Sierra Leone are still unemployed. The article concludes that inclusion and transformation should be prioritized to improve the possibility of peace in Sierra Leone.
News and Reports (3 Matches)
Source: Agence France-PresseThis article describes the gathering of dozens of ex-combatants in Sierra Leone's 10 year civil war for "healing ceremonies" to make peace with victims of the brutal conflict that left thousands dead. The project uses traditional justice system to promote reconciliation and community building.
Source: Greg Norman, Al JazeeraThis article discusses the importance of music in raising awareness among youth voters ahead of the 2007 elections.
Source: Katrina Manson, ReutersThis article discusses youth attitudes in advance of the 2007 national elections.
This non-governmental organization strives for a new world transformed by an end to poverty and campaigns to change the rules that keep people poor. In Sierra Leone, Christian Aid works in the areas of peacebuilding, HIV/AIDS and management of natural resources. They work with youth through local youth centers.
This is a non-governmental organization that believes that local people have an important role in transforming their own violent conflicts and that the international community has a collective responsibility to help in these processes. Primary activities in Sierra Leone include establishing youth drop in centers and working with national youth organizations.
Source: ActionAidThis non-governmental organization was founded in 1972 with the mission to "work with poor and marginalized people to help eradicate poverty by overcoming the injustice and inequity that cause it." Primary activities in Sierra Leone include projects to encourage peacebuilding and the rehabilitation of ex-combatants. Its website includes resources on emergency and reconstruction and education methods such as the REFLECT manual, a way to teach literacy that is often used in West Africa.
Policy Analysis and Practitioner Documents (View All 11 Matches)
Source: Dabesaki Mac-Ikemenjima, International NGO Journal This article highlights the risks that youth face in situations of armed conflict and post-conflict. In order to avoid being recruited into fighting forces, becoming targets for sexual violence, missing out on educational opportunities, and other dire effects of involvement in conflict, an integrated approach to youth development which incorporates investments in education and skill training, youth employment, and health services is crucial. The article explores these strategies for mitigating risk to youth in detail.
Source: Larry J. Woods and Colonel Timothy R. Reese This paper is a survey and analysis of the series of external military interventions in Sierra Leone between 1993 and 2002. Though each of these interventions achieved some local or temporary success, until late 2000 none of them succeeded in creating a security situation that could foster a political solution to Sierra Leone's woes. The paper discusses the effects of Sierra Leone’s ethnic divisions, ineffective and corrupt governments and meddling neighbor states as well as internal problems and ineffectiveness of the military missions themselves. The paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of having proper awareness of the situation, effective military capabilities, and an appropriate mandate.
Source: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)Worldwide survey of the situation of youth in the 21st century. Key issues include: unemployment, lack of education, urbanization, war, migration, and HIV/AIDS. Sierra Leone is mentioned several times.
UN Official Documents (2 Matches)
Source: UN Secretary-GeneralThis report provides an update on the progress made by UNIOSIL in implementing its mandate since the last report, dated 4 December 2007 (S/2007/704). It presents further information on the completion strategy of UNIOSIL and sets out proposals on the mandate, structure and strength of the post-UNIOSIL office, recommending the establishment of a UN integrated peacebuilding office, known as UNIPSIL.
Source: United Nations Security CouncilThis document provides an overview of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) one-year report, with comments from various Commission members. Overall, members believed that the PBC had made achievements in setting up the structure of the Commission and important contributions had been made to peacebuilding efforts in Sierra Leone and Burundi.