Source: Jeremy Weinstein, Stanford University, and Macartan Humphreys, Columbia UniversityThis study asserts that although demobilization, disarmament and reintegration (DDR) efforts have been successful at stabilizing Sierra Leone, reintegration has depended more on the violence experienced by an individual youth than on their demobilization experience. It concludes that demobilization efforts should be re-examined.
Source: Allison Bennett, University of East LondonThis study was carried out in Sierra Leone in 2002 with the aim of finding out what was needed to reintegrate child soldiers. The needs of women were analyzed to see if they differed from the needs of men. The conclusion is that women faced additional pressures and that specifically the challenges for them of overcoming sexual violence and other stigma are greater. These additional challenges, according to the study, should be considered when designing reintegration programs.
Source: Angela McIntyre, Stanford UniversityThis document aims at providing an alternative view of the reasons for youth participation in the conflict in Sierra Leone. The article argues that theories that see youth involvement in the war as due to lack of economic opportunities are limited. The article concludes that politics and culture greatly influenced the participation of youth in the war, and that the conditions that led to youth involvement persist in the post-war era. The author recommends addressing these issues to prevent further violence.
Source: Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL)Being an ordinance to prevent cruelty to children.
This multilateral convention was adopted in 2000 and entered into force on December 25, 2003. It supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime Preamble, and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Sierra Leone signed on November 27, 2001.
Source: United Nations General AssemblyThis multilateral convention was adopted by General Assembly resolution 39/46 on December 10, 1984 and entered into force on June 26, 1987. Sierra Leone signed on March 18, 1985 and ratified March 25, 2001.
Source: Abu Bakarr Kargbo, Standard TimesThis article describes a joint signing ceremony of a three-year country programme between the United Nations World Food Program, the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund and the Government of Sierra Leone. The two UN Agencies have committed over US$100 million for 2008 – 2010 to assist in the attainment of three key results set by the Government within the National Poverty Reduction Strategy, including reducing under-five and maternal mortality rates by one third; increasing the rate of access to quality education for primary school-aged children from 70% to 85%; and ensuring a protective environment for children against violence, exploitation, abuse and deprivation.
Source: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)This article reports that UN children's agency (UNICEF) Executive Director Ann Veneman stated that Sierra Leone has the highest child and maternal mortality rates in the world attributable to underinvestment in health programs, malnutrition, and harmful cultural practices.
Source: World BankThis article outlines a grant agreement signed by the World Bank and the Government of Sierra Leone costing US$6 million in support of the first phase of the Sierra Leone Reproductive and Child Health Project out of the Bank’s catalytic growth fund grant for Africa. According to the article, the Reproductive and Child Health Project is designed in phases to help Sierra Leone achieve its Millennium Development goal for child mortality and to contribute to achieving the goal for maternal mortality, malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS in the country.
This website provides information about the use of child soldiers worldwide, with substantial coverage of Sierra Leone.
Source: United NationsThis mission was established by the United Nations Security Council in 1999 to "cooperate with the Government and the other parties in implementing the Lome Peace Agreement and to assist in the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration plan." The mission successfully completed its mandate in December 2005; its website contains background information on the country and conflict, and data on the mandate and the outcome of the Demobilization Disarmament and Reintegration process. Start date: October 22, 1999 End date: December 2005.
Source: Child Rights Information NetworkThis non-governmental organization aims to upgrade and develop the standard of children; to create awareness for the rights of the child and the opportunity to promote their rights in the community; to restore the dignity of Sierra Leonean children in deprived and marginalized communities after decades of bad governance, injustice and warfare; to facilitate access to education as a fundamental human rights requirement and to empower children.
Policy Analysis and Practitioner Documents (View All 30 Matches)
Source: Dabesaki Mac-Ikemenjima, International NGO Journal This article highlights the risks that youth face in situations of armed conflict and post-conflict. In order to avoid being recruited into fighting forces, becoming targets for sexual violence, missing out on educational opportunities, and other dire effects of involvement in conflict, an integrated approach to youth development which incorporates investments in education and skill training, youth employment, and health services is crucial. The article explores these strategies for mitigating risk to youth in detail.
Source: Save the ChildrenThis report updates Save the Children’s 2007 publication “Last in Line, Last in School: how donors are failing children in conflict-affected fragile states”, which exposed the international community’s neglect of education in conflict-affected fragile states (CAFS) and in emergencies. The report argues that one year on little progress has been made, and calls for an increase long-term predictable aid for education in CAFS, and to include education as part of humanitarian policy and response.
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)This report provides data and analysis of the situation of the continent’s children, outlines recent successes, and proposes concrete actions and programs. The report emphasizes the need for a continuum of care across time and place: from pregnancy, childbirth, postnatal and newborn periods into childhood and adolescence, and extending from the household and community, to the local clinic, the district hospital and beyond. The reports highlights Sierra Leone’s national Reproductive and Child
Health Strategic Plan 2008-2010 and the specific challenges facing children in post-conflict environments.
UN Official Documents (3 Matches)
Source: UN Secretary-GeneralThis report provides an update on the progress made by UNIOSIL in implementing its mandate since the last report, dated 4 December 2007 (S/2007/704). It presents further information on the completion strategy of UNIOSIL and sets out proposals on the mandate, structure and strength of the post-UNIOSIL office, recommending the establishment of a UN integrated peacebuilding office, known as UNIPSIL.
Source: United Nations Security CouncilThis document provides an overview of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) one-year report, with comments from various Commission members. Overall, members believed that the PBC had made achievements in setting up the structure of the Commission and important contributions had been made to peacebuilding efforts in Sierra Leone and Burundi.
Source: Radhika Coomaraswamy, Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG CAAC) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)This report gives an overview of critical themes relating to children and armed conflict, highlights significant developments over the reporting period and makes concrete recommendations. Included is a review of the 1996 study "The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children."